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install:fedoracore3_sonyvaio [MojaveWiki]
 

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Fedora Core 3 on a Sony Vaio Laptop (PCG-V505DC2)

After spending over a year with Mandrake 9.2 on this Sony Vaio, I decided to make the switch to Fedora rather than continuing up the Mandrake chain.

Wireless Network Setup (prism54)

Following the steps on the FC3 How-To on the prism54.org forums:

  1. downloaded the firmware for the card into /lib/firmware
  2. added the modprobe line in /etc/modprobe.conf
    alias eth1 islpci_cb
  3. reboot
  4. add wireless device in RedHat Network Device Control with proper wireless credentials (SSID, WEP)
  5. bring up network using the RedHat Network Device Control

UPDATE: This wireless card finally bit the dust and refuses to react to a power source (picture open heart surgery on a circuit board with two metal contacts probing for any life). Dead.

MS True Type Fonts

Installed the msttcorefonts-1.3-3.noarch rpm to get MS True Type fonts

Win32 Codecs

Extracted the win32-codecs.tar.bz2 tarball from mplayerhq.hu into /usr/lib/win32 for mplayer/xine codecs

Flash Plugin

Installed the flash-plugin-7.0.25-1.i386.rpm from macromedia mirror site

RealPlayer 10

Installed the realplayer rpm from real.com as described by the article on FedoraNews.

Java/Java Plugin

Java can be installed any which way (the current setup was via the Sun package under /opt), but one problem will be outstanding with the Java plugin. The JVM native libraries were compiled against libXp.so.6, which has been deprecated recently by the X.org folks. Naturally, this causes Java to break when trying to run any UI-based programs, since the library is no longer there. However, there is a package on the FC3 CD2 which provides the missing libraries.

  • xorg-x11-deprecated-libs-6.8.1-12.i386.rpm

Once installed, the java plugin will no longer crash firefox. To get the java installed as an alternative correctly, work the alternative script:

#> alternatives --install /usr/bin/java java /opt/java/bin/java 1
#> alternatives --config java

Assigned /opt/java to the currently installed jdk installation and then created a java.sh in /etc/profile.d that looks like the following:

export JAVA_HOME=/opt/java
export ANT_HOME=/opt/ant

Also did the same alternatives thing for the ant installation. Check out the page on managing Java with the alternatives system.

It appears that the webstart binary in Java 1.4 has issues running on Fedora. Applied the javaws patch with the script detailed in this blog entry. As is, the javaws will hang the processor and hence not run properly. This download provide an alternative javaws folder.

YUM Repository Additions

Added several contrib repositories to the /etc/yum.repos.d/, namely dag and freshrpms.

Yumex

Installed this yum frontend to manage package repositories and to browse the packages.

Contrib Packages (+dependencies as resolved by yum)

  • acroread
  • mozilla-acroread
  • bash-completion
  • png2ico
  • mplayer
  • mplayer-plugin
  • gstreamer-plugins-extra-audio
  • xmms-mp3
  • mpg123
  • mp3info

Currently, the mp3 plugin will crash gstreamer-driven players because of a bug in alsa. It is necessary to run gstreamer-properties and change the audio output to OSS for now (necessary for all users). This, of course, relies on the alsa-oss emulation layer to be loaded.

I have gone back and used the following packages from livna for mp3 support (instead of gstreamer-plugins-extra-audio):

  • k3b-mp3
  • kdemultimedia-extras
  • gstreamer-plugins-mp3

Keyboard Customizations

The Gnome preferences dialog for Keyboard provides an option to modify this accessibility setting. I switched the functionality of the Capslock key, making it an additional control, and also enabled sticky keys. After tripping over it trying to learn one-handed typing, I blogged about how hotkeys are actually useful for anyone.

FedoraExtras

Added the fedora extra packages into the yum repository using the instructions on the Fedora website. From the Fedora Extras site, I picked up the following rpms:

  • gtweakui
  • bittorrent*
  • jikes
  • amarok
  • enigma
  • neverball

Sudo

Enabled sudo by adding main user to the sudoers using visudo as root:

dallen  ALL=(ALL) ALL

Nightly YUM Updates

As I continuely have problems with up2date stalling out while retrieving the package headers, I have found it much better to enable the yum service in the Services manager.

Host name

Adding the DHCP ip address in /etc/hosts with a domain name seemed to have automatically configured my hostname; then added that hostname to the 127.0.0.1 line

Moved YUM Cache

Was running out of flexible space on /, so I move /var/cache/yum/home/yum and made the appropriate symlink. The dynamic nature of the cache proves it needs a larger partition (note to self: make /var bigger in the future)

sonypi

modprobe sonypi and make it probe on startup. Unlike in Mandrake 9.2, the sonypi device already exists, so it need not be created. In this case, however, it is 10, 62 rather than 10, 250 as it was under Mandrake 9.2. Added the same two lines as before in /etc/modprobe.conf with the updated numbers:

alias char-major-10-62 sonypi
options sonypi minor=62

Package Trimming

Removed the following packages to conserve space:

  • kdenetwork
  • kdeaddons
  • kdeadmin

multi-user sound

In order to make sound accessible to multiple users at once (simultaneous logins on different displays), it is necessary to modify the default permissions. Changed /etc/security/console.perms by making

<sound> 660 root.users

rather than the default

<sound> 600 root

so that anyone in the users group can read/write the soundcard, regardless of who logged in first.

7 button mouse

In order to allow the back and forward buttons to work when a 7 button mouse is plugged in, the following three lines should be (re)placed in the Device section of xorg.conf for the mouse:

Option	    "Protocol" "ExplorerPS/2"
Option      "Buttons" "7"
Option      "ZAxisMapping" "6 7"

Additionally, the following directive should be added to the ~/.Xclients file (if does not exist, run switchdesk for it to be setup)

xmodmap -e "pointer 1 2 3 6 7 4 5"

Have no fear, this will not break scrolling on mice that do not have 7 buttons, nor will it mess up the Emulate3Buttons needed by the touchpad ;)

Printer Installation

Installed rpm package from minolta to provide the cups drivers for magicolor2430DL. Setup printer using JetDirect yucca:9100.

Note: For some reason, redhat-printer-config does not see this new driver and therefore messes up the printer settings if used because it picks a different driver, Minolta 2300

Software Sound Mixing

Decided to go with esd (esound). Enabled the esd sound system in the Gnome sound preferences, added the line

-r 48000

in /etc/esd.conf so that it would not be scratchy, set gstreamer-properties to use ESD and set KDE notifications to use a modified version of mplayer that uses esd as the audio output plugin.

Mail Alerts

By default, all the system loggers will send mail to the root account, which is often forgotten and therefore goes unnoticed. To have this mail sent to a user account, edit the /etc/aliases file and modify the last line to point to a user account.

root: dallen

Known Problems

I have documented some known issues that I came across in Fedora Core 3 along with known workarounds, if available.

Knotes

Problem: New knotes are not saved after the first one is created. The firstone is never deleted. Apparently there is a missing slash in the code from KDE 3.3. This appears to be fixed in KDE 3.4.

Solution: Workaround is a symbolic link.

$> cd ~/.kde/share/apps/knotes
$> ln -s ../knotesnotes.ics notes.ics

SELinux

Problem: Cannot browse network shares from or to computer.

Solution: SELinux is acting a bit too overzealous here and blocking the ports used for the two way communication in the samba protocol. A quick trip to the Security Level system setting will fix the problem by adding the following ports as trusted:

137:udp,137:tcp,139:udp,139:tcp,445:udp,445:tcp


Problem: At one point, an upgrade to SELinux policies caused problems running applications under crossover office (wine). It turns out that the libraries needed to have the policies marked in the files.

Solution: To mark these files between reboots, the following command can be used.

$> sudo /sbin/restorecon /opt/cxoffice/lib/wine/*.so

Note: It turned out that a later yum upgrade solved this issue.

Resources

Enhancing Security

 
install/fedoracore3_sonyvaio.txt · Last modified: 2006/10/31 02:26 by dallen
 
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